The role of the Irish Council for Bioethics (ICB) is to examine the ethical issues raised by developments in science and medicine and to provide information and advice on such issues in order to promote public awareness and understanding. One area where medicine and medical technologies have expanded and developed is in the field of life-sustaining treatment. Advance healthcare directives arose as a means for individuals to control their medical treatment and care in such instances. There have been a number of high-profile cases that have drawn attention to this issue among the general public.
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